300 THE TRUE STORY

4 Replies
FastReD
20 May, 2016, 10:05 PM UTC

300 THE TRUE STORY


Taking advantage of the interest sparked by Sparta 300 film guide decided to make a point saying that is what actually happened at Thermopylae and who was who at this time.

"The Greeks" 

Today there is a great confusion regarding Greece, in fact it is normal to hear people refer to the various polis as "the Greeks" as if the whole Hellenic world was an indivisible whole when in reality all that united Greece it was the language. The other polis were very different from each other, and in some cases including not regarded as the same people for example Athenian writers used to refer to Sparta as "the other" -. To note the differences between them can highlight the treatment of women, while in Athens the woman was subdued in Sparta let her be free, own property, choose who you marry, participate in decisions of the city and even military training. In fact he had rights to that man, as the possibility to have "legal lovers" without the husband can object that is because having the ability to have children of a stronger man was regarded as an indispensable right.

The village warrior

The people we know today as Hellenic did not originate in the region, but belonged to people of the North who came down and conquered different areas. In the case of Sparta, which legend says they are the direct descendants of Hercules, Sparta easily dominated and enslaved the local population, the helots. Since the numerically helots outnumbered the Spartans in a ratio of 10 to 1 although some authors note a ratio of 15 to 1 the Spartans derived agricultural tasks to helots and they were concentrated in the military. Thus, despite being vastly outnumbered, their military might put the helots constantly at bay. This in turn led them to become the best warriors in the history of mankind since training began at age 7 and honor was rigor in their lives. Not only in armed struggle and phalanx formations were experts, but also training in the martial art of Pankration -art unarmed struggle based on type combinada- made them deadly rivals with or without weapons.

Lycurgus and Kings

Lycurgus was the most important king of Sparta. Their decisions virtually undid social inequalities between the Spartans and contributed to building the personality and character that would make world-renowned Sparta. In fact, when it was suggested he build walls to defend the city said, "does not need walls Sparta, the Spartans are its walls." In addition to social reforms it created the legal basis and the military system stoic character.

With regard to the Kings of Sparta always must have two kings with the same power as this prevented the rise of a tyrant with whims and ego destroy the polis. This system proved to be excellent to the point that then, centuries later, would be adopted by Rome turning the Republic into a legal system led by two equal Consuls. And as history it has known how to show when the Republic falls and rises the Empire, abandoning the system of two Consuls by an all-powerful emperor, excesses, whims and egos of these emperors destroyed Rome-

The background to Thermopylae

Persia was a special case, a "meteoric empire" whose disintegration occurred as quickly as his rise. After stagnating expansion by the West under the leadership of King Xerxes God, as was considered by "their" people -Persia had conquered dozens of nations that used for the war Xerxes decided to conquer Greece, which because of their differences he was weakened by internal wars. The first attempt was at Marathon where the Athenians resisted gloriously and managed to stop the Persian advance to force tears, sweat and blood. The second attempt this time would aim to enter at Thermopylae.

Was it so brutal Persia?

In the film shown to the Persians as deformed monsters, but the reality is different. Persia was one of the first nations in history to propose a decent treatment of slaves and certainly one of the first to consider rivals, despite being enemies, had their rights as human beings. Their cultural level was remarkable with libraries full of volumes and researchers of all sciences. Certainly their cities were the jewels of the East and the world.

Thermopylae

After retiring from Thessaly in what was intended to be a preemptive strike several Greek polis "allied" to Persia. For this reason a meeting at Corinth attended by about 30 cities to discuss how to stop the Persians was organized. Unfortunately they infighting split decision, however Themistocles managed to convince them to form a combined command of the Spartans who tarried the Persians at the "Gate of Greece" army, ie Thermopylae, whose geography annulling the numerical superiority of Xerxes.

For religious reasons Leonidas could not get the army when he asked, fearing that waiting made the Persians cross the Straits of Thermopylae was launched on a suicide mission using his personal guard of 300 men, 600 slaves helots -2 slaves each espartano- 700 Thespians, 400 Thebans and a combined men of other cops came to a total of 7,000 units. Facing an army of between 250,000 and 400,000 Persians.

Arriving Xerxes waited four days the Greeks lay down their weapons -time Leonidas took to fortify the walls of the fortress-. Seeing that the Greeks were frightened by his troops he sent an emissary requiring them to lay down their arms, to which Leonidas replied that would become the most famous phrase in military history: ????? ???? Come to look for your himself. Then began the battle.

The excellent spartan training and geography made row after row of Persian is decimated by the Greeks, who suffered almost no losses. Xerxes enraged as this represented a really strong blow to the morale of his army sent his elite Ten Thousand Immortals, but the result was almost the same. However, the Greeks began to get tired after days of fighting, but none yielded one centimeter.

The beginning of the end would come because of a traitor, Ephialtes, who shows him Xerxes a hidden passage, which Xerxes used to surround the Greeks. After hearing this Leonidas gave him who does not want to die the possibility of withdrawing. Only his guard 300 men and more than a thousand Greeks decided to die with the Spartans remained faithful. The battle was bloody and she heroically almost all Greeks die of which only two survive.

The importance of Thermopylae was critical because besides gaining vital time served as inspiration for the Greeks who moved by the heroic attitude of Leonidas finally managed to defeat the Persians, being the battle of Salamis the end to the Persian intentions on Greece .


PS: Do not get lost, the film is one of those few films, which is to see on a movie screen. Truly a masterpiece of cinema, and a visual delight in every one


Note: my English is not perfect, if there are errors I apologize, Greetings


Freyner Arango's " I like tattoos "
UTC -5:00
goldandsilver
20 May, 2016, 11:25 PM UTC

Excellent article, no doubt I'll go see it 

UTC +6:00
casper
21 May, 2016, 6:48 PM UTC

Very interesting, thanks

UTC +6:00
Prometheus
23 May, 2016, 1:34 PM UTC

I really enjoy your articles, but please Edit them a bit better with more information than the ones on wikipedia!

The average plarium gamer is above 30 with a BA. I am sure we can understand! 


Keep it up!
UTC +4:00
FastReD
27 May, 2016, 9:52 PM UTC

Hackerista said:


I really enjoy your articles, but please Edit them a bit better with more information than the ones on wikipedia!

The average plarium gamer is above 30 with a BA. I am sure we can understand! 


Keep it up!

Archon, these are not wikipedia article 

Freyner Arango's " I like tattoos "
UTC -5:00
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